Cultural Tourism (culture tourism) is the subset of tourism concerned with a country or region’s culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those people, their art, architecture, religion(s), and other elements that helped shape their way of life. Cultural tourism includes tourism in urban areas, particularly historic or large cities and their cultural facilities such as museums and theatres. It can also include tourism in rural areas showcasing the traditions of indigenous cultural communities (i.e. festivals, rituals), and their values and lifestyle, as well as niches like industrial tourism and creative tourism. It is generally agreed that cultural tourists spend substantially more than standard tourists do. This form of tourism is also becoming generally more popular throughout the world, and a recent OECD report has highlighted the role that cultural tourism can play in regional development in different world regions. Cultural tourism has been defined as ‘the movement of persons to cultural attractions away from their normal place of residence, with the intention to gather new information and experiences to satisfy their cultural needs’. These cultural needs can include the solidification of one’s own cultural identity, by observing the exotic “other”.Cultural tourism has a long history, and with its roots in the Grand Tour is arguably the original form of tourism. It is also one of the forms of tourism that most policy makers seem to be betting on for the future. The World Tourism Organization, for example, asserted that cultural tourism accounted for 37% of global tourism, and forecast that it would grow at a rate of 15% per year. Such figures are often quoted in studies of the cultural tourism market A recent study of the cultural consumption habits of Europeans (European Commission 2002) indicated that people visited museums and galleries abroad almost as frequently as they did at home. This underlines the growing importance of cultural tourism as a source of cultural consumption. The genera lisation of cultural consumption on holiday, however, points to one of the main problems of defining cultural tourism. What is the difference between cultural visits on holiday (cultural tourism) and cultural visits undertaken during leisure time at home? Much of the research undertaken by the Association for Leisure and Tourism Education (ATLAS) on the international cultural tourism market has in fact underlined the high degree of continuity between consumption of culture at home and on holiday. In spite of these problems, policy makers, tourist boards and cultural attraction managers around the world continue to view cultural tourism as an important potential source of tourism growth. There is a general perception that cultural tourism is ’good’ tourism that attracts high spending visitors and does little damage to the environment or local culture while contributing a great deal to the economy and support of culture. Other commentators, however, have suggested that cultural tourism may do more harm than good, allowing the cultural tourist to penetrate sensitive cultural environments as the advance guard of the mass tourist.One type of cultural tourism destination is living cultural areas. Visiting any culture other than one’s own such as traveling to a foreign country. Other destinations include historical sites, modern urban districts, “ethnic pockets” of town, fairs/festivals, theme parks, and natural ecosystems. It has been shown that cultural attractions and events are particularly strong magnets for tourism. The term cultural tourism is used for journeys that include visits to cultural resources, regardless of whether it is tangible or intangible cultural resources, and regardless of the primary motivation. In order to understand properly the concept of cultural tourism, it is necessary to know the definitions of a number terms such as, for example, culture, tourism, cultural economy, cultural and tourism potentials, cultural and tourist offer, and others.

Tanzania Cultural Tourism

Tanzania Cultural Tourism, People and Culture in Tanzania

With its cultural art facts where you can experience real African life and enjoy the beautiful scenery of green mountains, wide plains and the dramatic Rift Valley, Cultural tourism refers to a form of tourism in which local people are closely involved. They design and organize the tours, show tourists aspects of the area in which they live and of their daily life. During the tours, local people often show their development projects, like irrigation and soil conservation activities or income generating projects of women’s groups. Visitors leave the area feeling they have made new friends and with information on the many positive developments going on in rural Tanzania.

Tanzania Cultural Tourism, Northern Tanzania Cultural Tourism


You will be shown Maasai Boma, the oldest African irrigation system and experience waarusha cultural and enjoy traditional food. You will also walk into the house of the traditional healer who will answer historical questions. Craftsmen group will show you small wooden stools, jewelers, knives and traditional clothing.


Its located 20 km west of Arusha city along Nairobi road. Here you will have trekking experience of Ngorora Hill, thereafter visit Maasai Boma to have true experience of African Culture on general Maasai life, Maasai dancing group and visit Maasai colourful market.


Near the Kenyan boarder, Namanga in Longido you will have a unique experience taming animals by camel ride, learn and even act the Maasai way of life. Animal and Bird watching experience is what you can never miss a day in Longido.


In a cultural tour in Sapuk you will visit the amazing Waterfall, beautiful forest catchment, Hollytree view of the city of Arusha. The more you spend time in the tour the most you enjoy tour and learn more.


: Situated 63 km north of Mto wa Mbu, on the road to Oldonyo Lengai and Lake Natron is one of Tanzania’s most important historic sites. Some 500 years ago, a farming community of several thousand people developed an ingenious irrigation and cultivations system. For unknown reasons, the farmers left Engaruka around 1700. Many questions remain unanswered who were the people living in Engaruka, how did they come to develop such an ingenious, farming system and who did they finally leave Engaruka?


There are people who live in the forest near Lake Eyasi called “Bushmen” They live like ancient man depending on gathering fruits, hunting animals and live in caves or forest. They don’t wear clothes. The cultural tourism visit to this area will enable you to see them. Natural walking is taking place around the area. The tour takes two/three nights and there are five campsites which can offer accommodation.


Situated adjacent to Lake Manyara National Park. In Mto Wa Mbu is the only point in Africa where 4 languages meet; the Nilotes, Cush*tes, Bantu and Hamites a unique cultural feature in the World. A point in Tanzania where anthropology is most diverse. Visit to Maasai boma, dancing, market, schools and community project will be offered. Maasai village visit to foster the true experience of most complex cultural experience in Africa is a gift will be hard to forget in your entire life. Hike the rift valley wall and view the Lake Manyara.


Situated 50km North West of Arusha on the road to the Serengeti National Park, Lake Manyara and Ngorongoro Conservation Area. You will experience the walking and trekking of Monduli Mountains, visit Maasai women on Jewellery and handcrafts. The “Kona Saba” escarpment climb, medicinal herbs tour, evergreen rain forest tour and a rest at astonishing panorama’s overlooking the rift valley, Oldonyo Lengai Lake Natron…


Forests and Moors Tours – Half and fully day hikes, but tours of several days can be arranged. Highlights : clan forest and moorlands, historic centers of ceremony and magic; irrigation, dike, and drainage systems; traditional healers and potter; historical sites and relic; spectacular views of Mt. Kilimanjaro, plains, area likes, South Pares, Usambara, Mkomazi Game Reserve


Mountain climbing enthusiasts will be advised to visit the home and memorial of the late Yohano Lauwo, a Marangu and native who accompanied Dr. Hans Meyer on the peak of Mt. Kilimanjaro in 1889.You can also learn about the Chagga culture by visiting a traditional Chagga house with straw roof. You can visit the Chief Mangi area where the first court and primary school of the Northern region are still functioning. You will be able to pass historical sites of clan wars where the Chagga used large caves to hide themselves when the fought with Maasai.

Physical Requirements

Physical Requirements – Moderates walking for local culture experience, but many hikes are quite strenuous; some sites reachable by 4×4 and there are rewarding auto or foot tours to the plains. Food and Drink – Beverages and local food available in Usangi town; traditional meals can be arranged. What to bring – Hiking shoes, warm clothing. Accommodations – Guest houses ad rooms in privates homes, a school rest house; camping (bring your gear); day to trips from Moshi or Same. Getting There – 2 -3 hours by car from Moshi (4×4 during rains) via Mwanga on main Moshi / Dar es Salaam / Tanga road


Its located 62 km South East of Moshi in the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro. The Plains Pare Tours – Half and full days: visit the natives economic and cultural projects including carpentry workshop, brick factory, sisal plantation, local – beer brewery; Lembeni Herbal Hospital; forest hiking in Kindoroko Mts. Spice – garden tour; fishing and boating on Nyumba ya Mungu (House of God) Lake. Physical Requirements – Moderate walking. Food and Drink – Catering facilities in Kisangara. What to Bring – comfortable walking shoes; sun cream and hat Accommodations – Self-contained cottages, campsites (bring your gear) day trips from Moshi and Same. Getting There – by bus or car, 62km from Moshi on main Arusha – Moshi – Dar – Tanga road.


View point Headquarters Tours – Half o 3 days; caves where Pares hid from slave raiders; myriad viewpoints in all directions (Mt. Kilimanjaro, Usambara, Maasai Steppe, Mkomazi Game Reserve, Taita Hills) forests and moors, historic German-era buildings; traditional healers and crafts people farmers and women’s groups. Most sports accessible by car or 4×4. Visit Mkomazi, a botanic as well as zoological wonder. Physical Requirements – Brisk walking, steep hills. Food and Drink – Meals in villages or at Hill-Top Tona Lodge, Mbaga Hills, can be arranged; snacks beverages, water in stores. What to bring – Comfortable walking shoes, warm clothing. Accommodations – Hill-Top Tona Lodge, quaint pre-WWI German buildings; local home stays are available, especially on overnight hikes; camping (bring your gear.) Getting There – By car (4×4 in rains), entering mountains from Dar \Moshi road or via Kisiwani on east side, north of Mkomazi; by bus from same.


While in Saadani National Park cultural tourism is a major experience in Saadani Village within the park. You will get to hear of historical information about Saadani. You will have also an opportunity to taste a day freshly catch from the Indian Ocean. WEST USAMBARA: Is situated in the North Eastern part of Tanzania between Mount Kilimanjaro and the Indian ocean. Visit to superb viewpoints on the edge of Mountain, walk through dense natural forests and along small rivers that race downhill and visit development projects, traditional pottery village and see vast number of beautiful butterflies


Situated on the coast, South of DAR ES SALAAM, half an hour drive from Kigamboni ferry side. You will experience the village life and enjoy thm quiet Beaches, bird watching and the village handcrafts.


Situated about 50km South of Tanga, that is in the extreme North-Eastern corner of Tanzania at the Indian Ocean Coast. You will have a Pangani town tour including historical buildings, visit a former slave labour camp and slave market site, cruise the vast coconut plantations and fish with local fishermen.



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Godwin .A. Ngaiza